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Two materials used for bathroom sinks, basins and toilets today are vitreous china and porcelain. People often assume that vitreous china and porcelain are two different materials, but they are actually made from the same thing. Vitreous china is a glazing technique added to porcelain. So, what are the differences between vitreous china and porcelain?
Porcelain is the hardest clay material in the market. The ceramic material is heated in a kiln at an extreme temperature, causing the clay to become less dense and porous. Porcelain is very strong and hard. Visually, the material is translucent and elegant. Porcelain is tough in durability, and soft in visual appearance.
VITREOUS CHINA BASICS
Vitreous china is a coating process applied to porcelain. People have been coating objects with enamel since Ancient Egypt. The ancient civilizations learned how to fuse ceramic material to metal objects to apply plumbing and faucets for a functional sink. When an intense amount of heat is applied to powdered glass, the result is a liquid called vitreous enamel that can be used to coat small objects. Vitreous china is a ceramic material, such as porcelain, that is glazed with enamel. The vitreous china coating is applied later on in the heating process.
Vitreous china and porcelain cost about the same, however, vitreous china is better at resisting spills, scrapes, or other bathroom mishaps. The high gloss enamel is very durable and creates a stain-resistant surface. Also, vitreous china has sanitary properties which are great to use in the bathroom.
Think of vitreous china as a protective armor for porcelain. The smooth enamel surface has great durability, sanitary, and stain resistant properties. The mix of porcelain and vitreous china creates a clean and elegant piece for the bathroom.